Situated action theory [Agre and Chapman 1987] includes the idea of deictic representation, which combines this sort of “leaning-on- the-world” with the language of representation. It can be argued whether such constructs are really representational since they don’t involve mental state; they are more a way of talking about the relationship between the world and an actor’s dynamics. > The enactive view builds on the deictic view and attempts to integrate representations of things that aren’t actually available to the senses. The primary use of representation is imaginative, in that it is used to perceive what isn’t actually at hand. An enactive representer imaginatively re-enacts a past action in order to predict the result. Action becomes not only a matter of adaptive reaction to the world (as it is in situated action systems) but of reacting to imaginings about the world's future.